Vegas Line Volleyball

Posted : admin On 10.03.2021

Volleyball Warm-Up No.6: Defense. This team drill requires at least ten balls and is a great way to warm-up the team's passing skills before a match. The coach needs a bunch of balls at his side, a line of players opposite him, and one 'setter' off to the right side between the coach and players.

Best Ways To Celebrate St. Patrick's Day In Las VegasLocals and tourists love to celebrate St. Patrick's Day in Las Vegas, whether it is the food, beer or parades. Go for the green and check out. The Kentucky Wildcats (8-15) are at home in SEC action against the South Carolina Gamecocks (6-13) on Saturday, March 6, 2021 at 12:00 PM ET. The Wildcats are favored by 7.5 points in the game, the first matchup between the squads this season.

Another Rockets Weekend

  • 11 Black: 3rd at QC Volleyball Factory
  • 12 Black: 1st at TBK 13’s
  • 12 Gold: Tied 3rd at TBK
  • 12 Silver: 2nd at TBK
  • 13 Black: 1st at Heartland Sports 14’s
  • 13-1: 2nd at QC Volleyball Factory
  • 13 Gold: Tied 5th at Heartland Sports 14’s
  • 14R: Finished 1-2 at Adrenaline Tourney
  • 14R: 2nd at Heartland Sports 15’s
  • 14 Black: 1st at Corridor Courts 15’s
  • 14 Gold: Tied 3rd at Heartland Sports 15’s
  • 15R: 5-1 at Adrenaline Tourney
  • 15 Black: 2nd at Corridor Court’s 15’s
  • 16R: 5-1 at Adrenaline Tourney
  • 16-1: Tied 5th at TBK 17/18’s
  • 16 Black: 1st at Corridor Courts
  • 17R: 1st in Silver at Nebraska Elite Power League (Open)
  • 17-1: 5-1 at Adrenaline Tourney
  • 17 Black: 1st at Beyond the Baseline Tourney
  • 17 Black: Tied 3rd at Clinton Tourney
  • 18R: 1-2 at Adrenaline Tourney
  • 18-1: Tied 3rd at TBK

17 Black 1st place Beyond the Baseline Tourney

Iowa Rockets 12s sweep Rockets blast. 12 Black 1st, 12 Gold 2nd, 12 Silver 3rd.

12 Gold finishing 2nd Place at Rockets Blast I

13 Black Champions at Rockets Blast

15Black Champions Rockets Blast

12 Black Champions Rockets Blast

14 Black Champions Heartland 16s Tournament14R Champions TBK 15s Tourney

Rockets Blast Schedules are Posted

Schedules for Rockets Blast tournament weekend #1 (Jan 23 & 24) have been posted. Click here to go to the Events page to see all of the schedules.
We are in 3 facilities this year. Each has their own unique restrictions and amenities. Please read the info sheet carefully for information about your specific facility. New this year! We are at the Xtream Arena / GreenState Family Fieldhouse in Coralville. Parking and entrance to the GreenState Fieldhouse are a little different, so please see the Directions and Map on the Rockets Blast events page.
Lastly, check back the day before your tournament for any last minute changes. And, Thank You in advance for taking the time to understand and support the safety protocols.

Another Rockets weekend

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Congratulations to Rockets teams for their performance this past weekend. Here’s a recap:

  • 12 Silver- 1st Place – Beyond the Baseline Tourney
  • 13 Black – 1st Place – Heartland 14s Tourney
  • 13 Gold – 1st Place – Corridor Courts Tourney
  • 15-1 – 1st Place – Corridor Courts Tourney
  • 15 Black – 1st Place consolation – Six Pack Tourney
  • 16R – 5-0 record at PrepDig Quad City Clash
  • 16-1 – 2nd Place – Frostbite Festival
  • 16Black – Tied 3rd Place – Six Pack Tourney
  • 17R – 5-0 record at PrepDig Quad City Clash
  • 17-1 – 5-0 record at PrepDig Quad City Clash
  • 18R – 5-0 record at PrepDig Quad City Clash
  • 18-1 – 1st Place – Frostbite Festival

16-1 Finishing in 2nd Place at Frostbite Festival

17-1 Prep Dig Quad City Clash 5-0 on the weekend

16R Prep Dig Quad City Clash 15-0 sets on the weekend

15-1 Champions at Corridor Courts Tourney

13 Gold Champions at Corridor Courts Tourney

18-1 Champions at Frostbite Tournament, Rochester, MN

Rockets Champs at Soph Tourney

Iowa Rockets players had a great time at the Iowa Select Soph Tourney on Oct 18th. The team was composed of Rockets players and friends for this one-day event. The event featured school and club teams from Iowa and Illinois. Congratulation to these 14s players for a nice tournament. Players below – sporting retro-Rockets gear (Top Left: Joslynn, Kate, Asta, Emee, Bottom Row: Reese, Dakota, Jaden and Sophie. Not pictured coaches Taylor and Meghan).

Iowa Rockets Players at Iowa Select Soph Tourney

Pictures from the past – any faces you recognize??


Iowa Rockets Around the Midwest March 7/8

Iowa Rockets teams had a great weekend from Chicago to Denver. Check out ALL the weekend results below.:

  • Iowa Rockets 12 Black – 1st place 14s
  • Iowa Rockets 12 Silver – 1st place
  • Iowa Rockets 14R – 2nd place 14 Open in Chicago
  • Iowa Rockets 14 Black – 1st place
  • Iowa Rockets 14 Gold – 2nd place
  • Iowa Rockets 15R – 2nd place Crossroads – qualified for Nationals
  • Iowa Rockets 15 Black – 2nd place 16s tourney
  • Iowa Rockets 16R – 1st place AAU Grand Prix 18s

See more fantastic finished and LOTS of PICTURES on the Iowa Rockets Weekend Summary link – below.

Iowa Rockets 16R – went undefeated on the weekend to capture 1st place in Rockford!!

Iowa Rockets weekend summary

Iowa Rockets March 7/8 weekend – when we were able to play. Iowa Rockets teams were around the state and around the mid-west garnered some stellar finishes. Iowa Rockets 12 Black – Finished 1st place at the QC Volleyball Factory 14s tournament. Iowa Rockets 12 Silver – Finished 1st place at the TBK Sports Tourney. … Read more

Incredible Rally OVER 2 MINUTES!

Iowa Rockets Jr HS 4v4 tournament brings out the best teams and the BEST effort. This past season the Net Ninjas squared off with New Chicks on the Block on August 12, 2019. It was a nail-biter game and EXCITING to the finish. Check out this AMAZING rally – 2 minutes 23 seconds, 37 times over the net, 106 contacts! Amazing Rally!

Iowa Rockets 13 Black and 15R Champion the Weekend

Iowa Rockets 13 Black captured 1st place at the Sky High National Warmup in Chicago. Competition was tough in the 13 Open division with several local powerhouse clubs in the Chicago-land area. Rockets 13 Black defeated Michio 13 Prem, Sky High 13-1 and Fuion 13 Red in pool play. In the gold bracket Rockets 13 Black played #1 seed Sky High 13 Adidas, then defeated Michio 13 National in the championship match. On the same weekend, Iowa Rockets 15R completed in the PrepDig Guantlet in Madison. It was a hot weekend in the 16 Open division hosting teams from Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Nebraska and Iowa. Rockets 15R went undefeated on the weekend – dropping only a single set. In the gold bracket, Iowa Rockets 15R defeated Milwaukee Sting 16-1 Madison, Chicago Elite 16 Elite, and in the finals Nebraska Juniors 16 Black. Next competition for Iowa Rockets 13 Black, 15R and 9 other Iowa Rockets teams will be USAV Junior National Championships in Indianapolis from June 27-July 6.

Iowa Rockets 17R are Northern Lights Qualifier Champions

Iowa Rockets 17R brought home the gold this past weekend at the Northern Lights National Qualifier in Minneapolis. It was a magical weekend – teammates, friends, and family combined for a spectacular and fun-filled weekend. Iowa Rockets 17R went 9-1 on the weekend, losing only 4 sets. Along the way, 17R played teams from Texas, Illinois, Missouri, and Minnesota. In the gold bracket, Iowa Rockets defeated Iowa Select 17 Mizuno (Davenport, IA), Rockwood Thunder 17s (St Louis, MO), SW Minnesota 17-1 (Minneota, MN), and defeated The Edge VBC 17s (Denver, CO) in the finals. Iowa Rockets VBC has qualified 8 teams for the USA Volleyball National Championship tournament to be held in Indianapolis, IN on June 27 – July 6. Congratulations to all Iowa Rockets teams 11 Black, 12 Black, 13 Black, 14 Black, 14R, 15-1, 15R, 16R, and 17R going to Indy!
Iowa Rockets 17R capture 1st at Northern Lights Qualifier

Iowa Rockets 18R competed in the USA Volleyball National Championships in Dallas, TX this past weekend. Congratulation to the team for finishing first in Silver. Iowa Rockets played teams from Southern California, Indiana, Washington, Ohio and Arkansas.

Iowa Rockets Teams Excel at Qualifiers

Iowa Rockets teams showed their stuff at the Windy City National Qualifier and Northern Lights National Qualifier on the April 19-21 weekend. Rockets 151 (Windy City) and 15 Black (NLQ) were copy cats in performance over the weekend. Both teams going to gold bracket on day 3. Iowa Rockets 15 Black defeated Iowa Select 15 Black in the quarter finals, then defeated Ohana 15 National in the semi-finals before falling to Invasion 15 Blue (Kansas City) in the finals. There was another story unfolding in Chicago, Iowa Rockets 151 went 9 wins with their only loss in the finals against an already qualified OTVA 15s (Orlando-Tampa). This finish qualifies 151 for USAV Nationals in Indianoplis along with sister Rockets teams: 11 Black, 12 Black, 13 Black, 14R, 15R, 16R. This event also marks another first for Iowa Rockets – 151 is the first #2 ranked team in ANY club in Iowa to earn a bid to nationals from a nationals qualifier.
Congratulations Iowa Rockets 151!

Iowa Rockets 151 punched their ticket to USAV Nationals at Windy City National Qualifier

Iowa Rockets Teams Soar at Iowa Regionals

Iowa Rockets captured medals in all 5 age divisions at Iowa Regionals Qualifying tournament this past weekend. Congratulations to:
* Iowa Rockets 11s – First Place
* Iowa Rockets 12 Black – First Place
* Iowa Rockets 13 Black – First Place
* Iowa Rockets 14 R – First Place
* Iowa Rockets 15 R – Second Place

These teams have qualified for the USA Volleyball Junior National Championship tournament in Indianapolis, IN in late-June. Congratulations to other Rockets teams at Iowa Regionals: 13-1 4th place in Silver, 14 Black 5th place in Silver, 15-1 1st place in Silver, and 15 Black 5th place.

Iowa Rockets 11s Iowa Region Champions

Iowa Rockets 12 Black Iowa Region Champions

Iowa Rockets 13 Black Iowa Region Champions

Poker cheat name. Iowa Rockets 14 R Iowa Region Champions

Iowa Rockets 15R Iowa Region Runner-up

2018 USA Volleyball Nationals Wrap-up: Five Rocket Teams Win Medals

Iowa Rockets volleyball had an unprecedented outcome at USA Volleyball Nationals. Ten (10) Iowa Rocket teams attended USAV National Championship tournament in Detroit, Michigan from June 24 – July 4.

  • 11 Black – 29th overall in National Division
  • 12 Black – 19th overall in National Division
  • 13 Black – 3rd overall in National Division
  • 14 Black – 59th overall in American Division
  • 14R – 3rd overall in National Division
  • 15-1 – 59th overall in American Division
  • 15R – 3rd overall in Patriot Division
  • 16R – 2nd overall in National Division
  • 17-1 – 25th overall in Patriot Division
  • 17R – 3rd overall in National Division

Only three clubs in the nation had five or more teams medal at the USAV National Championships. No other club in the Iowa Region has ever had 5 teams to earn medals at Nationals. Congratulations to Iowa Rockets 13 Black, 14R, 15R and 17R on third place finishes. A special honor goes to Iowa Rockets 16R for a national-runner up trophy. Iowa Rockets teams are not strangers to the reaching the Gold bracket with usually one or two teams each year. Including 2011 when Iowa Rockets placed 5 teams in the Gold bracket at USAV Nationals in Atlanta, GA. In 2018, of the approximately 400 clubs who attended USAV Nationals, only 3 clubs (Iowa Rockets, Sunshine, and OTVA) sent 5 or more teams to the medal podium.

Congratulation to Iowa Rockets volleyball for putting Iowa on the national map with outstanding strength across all age groups! See below for pictures and a recap of each team’s performance.

Iowa Rockets 12 Black had a wild and crazy tournament for a young team from Iowa. In their first match of the tournament, they came against an exceptional MadFrog 12 National team (Dallas, TX). With grit, determination, and a little luck Rockets 12 Black defeated the number 2 seed in their pool. Then, pushing through pool play, Rockets 12 Black reached the upper half to remain after the initial pool. They eventually landed in the Bronze bracket where they defeated a talented Club North 12-1 (Kansas City) by 2 points in the 3rd set before losing to Absolute Volleyball Club (San Francisco) to finish 19th in the nation.

Iowa Rockets 12 Black – 19th place overall

Iowa Rockets 14 Black

14 Black and 14R started off their 4-day tournament on June 25th with a couple wins. Rockets 14R went on to secure a 4-1 record in their initial pool. They advanced to the upper half to win their next pool against NKYVC 14-1 and Black Swamp 141. On day 3, Rockets 14R defeated a very talented Circle City 14 Purple in the challenge match to go to the Gold bracket. 14R held steady to outlast Circle City 15-13 in the 3rd set. In the quarter-finals of the Gold bracket, 14R defeated AVA TX 14 Team Rox from Houston, TX. In the semi-finals Rockets 14R lost to a very tough Vegas Aces 14 Under Armour (Las Vegas, NV) who were the eventual 14 National champions.

Iowa Rockets 14R – 3rd place overall

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Iowa Rockets 16R took the courts on July 1 with 4 FULL days of volleyball. The 8-member squad played lights out with an amazing 11-1 record. 16R won 9 of their 10 matches in 2 straight sets against teams from Hawaii, Portland, Delaware, Colorado Springs, Springfield MO, and Phoenix. Day 4, in the Gold bracket, Rockets 16R had a sweeping victory against CC Force 161 (Corpus Christi, TX) (25-9, 25-8). Rockets then defeated a very good Elevation 16s (Cincinnati, OH) before losing in the finals for a national runner-up finish. This team has showed determination for the past 4 years. Each of the last 4 seasons the team has improved their national ranking and has steadily climbed from Bronze bracket, to Silver bracket, to Gold bracket, and now to a national medal. They achieved their team goal to earn a medal, but fell just short of taking home gold.

Iowa Rockets 16R – National Runner-up

Iowa Rockets 11s – 29th place overall

Iowa Rockets 15R – 3rd place

Iowa Rockets 17 Bold

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Additional Accolades to Iowa Rockets 18R, 18-1, and 16-1 teams

In addition to 10 teams competing at USAV National Championships in Detroit, MI, Iowa Rockets 18R and 18-1 team qualified and competed in the 18s USAV National Championship tournament in Anaheim, CA on April 27-29. Iowa Rockets 18R had a solid 6-3 record versus teams from San Francisco, Charleston, San Jose, El Paso, and Dallas. Rockets 18R lost their challenge match against River City Thunder 18, who was the eventual tournament winner. However, in the Silver bracket Rockets powered through for a 1st place Silver finish (9th place overall). Team members and their college commitments are: Riley Dolphin (Drake), Kennedy Drewis (Western Illinois), Colby Greene (Southeast Missouri), Kami Knutsen (Winona State), Mariah Mitchell (Western Illinois), Elissa Moylan (Southeast Missouri), Kelsey Ruff (Augustana, SD), Caitlyn Smith (Drake), Caleigh Smith (Purdue University Northwest) and Jenna Wagemester (U of South Dakota). 18R was coached by Stacey Ruff, Lauren Hansen, and Caitlin Ward.

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Iowa Rockets 16-1 took Orlando by storm at the AAU National Championships on June 25-28. Iowa Rockets blasted through 3 rounds of pool play with a record of 9-0. Rockets defeated teams from Fredericksburg, Odessa, Indianapolis, Connecticut, Atlanta, New Orleans, Cincinnati, and Denver. Rockets 16-1 played solid volleyball with the occasional nail-biter match such as against Inside Out 16 National (Muskegon, MI) when Rockets won a see-saw match winning (25-23, 28-26). Advancing to the Gold bracket on day 4, Rockets faced a tough 1st Alliance 16 Red (Chicago) to finish 9th place at AAU National Championship tournament.

Iowa Rockets 16-1 – 9th place overall AAU Nationals

17R – 3rd Place Mideast National Qualifier

16-1 9th Place Mideast National QualifierIowa Rockets 13 Black – 2nd Place Iowa Regionals – Heading to Nationals!Iowa Rockets 12 Black – 1st place Iowa Regionals – goin’ to NationalsIowa Rocket 14R – 3rd place – Heading to Nationals in Motown!Iowa Rockets 17 Gold – 1st place Silver – Iowa Regionals

This is a list of the more common Englishvolleyballjargon terms:

Common terms[edit]

An overhand dig.
A joust.
  • Ace : A serve which lands in the opponent's court without being touched, or is touched but unable to be kept in play by one or more receiving team players.
  • Assist : Usually the second of a team's three contacts, an assist is awarded for any set ball that results in a kill on the ensuing attack.
  • Attack : Usually the third of a team's three contacts, an attack is any attempt by the offense to score a point against the defense (this does not include free balls or over-passes).
  • Breakpoint : A point scored on the team's own serve. In the scoring system prior to 1999, these were the only scored points (except for sanction points). Even in the present scoring system, these are the points that really count, as the side outs cancel each other.
  • Cut / Cut shot : attack with an extreme angle (nearly parallel to the net).
  • Dig : A defensive contact following an opponent's attack resulting in a playable ball. Arms can be in a platform position or in a overhead position like a set. The player digs the ball when it is coming at a downward trajectory.[1]
  • Double contact / Double : A fault in which a player contacts the ball with two body parts consecutively.
  • D.S. : The abbreviation for 'defensive specialist', a position player similar to the libero who is skilled at back row defense.
  • Dump : A surprise attack usually executed by a front row setter to catch the defense off guard; many times executed with the left hand, sometimes with the right, aimed at the donut or area 4 on the court.
  • Five-One : Six-player offensive system where a single designated setter sets regardless of court position. The player is responsible for the second touch on every reception of serve, and ideally every defensive play.
  • Four Step Approach : The sequence of steps a hitter takes to meet a ball. Consisting of four steps. For right-handed hitters the sequence is: right, left, right, left. For Left-handed hitters: left, right, left, right.
  • Free ball / Chance ball : A ball that is passed over the net because an attack wasn't possible.
  • Free ball kill : A celebratory term when an easy pass is sent over the net and scores a point.
  • Four-Two : Six player offense where there are two designated setters and the front row setter sets.
  • Goofy : When a player jumps with wrong foot first (while attacking) (commonly known as goofy footed)
  • Illegal Block(er): When a back row player attempts to block an opponents offensive action by making contact with the ball above the plane of the net.
  • Joust : when the ball is falling directly on top of the net, two opposing players jump and push against the ball, trying to push it onto the other's side.
  • Let : a serve in which the ball hits the net on the side of the court served on, but still makes it over the net and onto the opposing side's floor, resulting in a point. This used to be a service error prior to 2001[2]
  • Kill : successful, legal, point-scoring play. It can be from a spike attack, tip or dump.
  • Mis-hit : A hit in which a player swings but does not contact the ball as intended, giving it a different speed, direction, and spin than the player intended.
  • On-Two : When the player making the second contact on the ball decides to play the ball over the net instead of setting up their teammate. Most often used in court volleyball by the setter, it is often called a 'setter dump' or a 'turn and burn', but on the beach it is colloquially referred to as an 'on-two'.
  • One-Two-Two Coverage : Attack coverage system where one player covers directly under the block, two players cover 1–3 meters away, and two players cover 4–5 meters away.
  • Opposite : The player which plays in the rotation opposite the setter and usually attacks from the right side.
  • Over pass : A mistake when the passers in serve receive accidentally send the ball over after the first contact.
  • Pancake : When a player digs the ball by extending a hand flat on the floor, palm facing down, letting the ball bounce off the back of the hand.
  • Pepper : A drill in which players hit a ball back and forth in a pass, set, spike, pass, set, spike, etc. pattern without a net.
  • Perimeter defense : A defensive formation of back row players where players set up along the edges of the court to dig. Middle back is deep in the center and right while left-back shift back and towards the sidelines. This formation leaves a hole in the center of the court for the opposing team to score in.
  • Roll Shot : An offensive play that is slightly similar to a hit/spike. Unlike a hit/spike, rolls shots are performed by making contact underneath the ball and moving your arm in an upwards motion rather than making contact on top of the ball and swinging your arm downwards in a fast motion. A roll shot is not a fast offensive hit aimed away from the net, nor a tip aimed near the net, but it is meant to go high enough to avoid a block, but not too far back. Roll shots are generally aimed around 10–15 feet away from the net or into deep corners.
  • Rotation Defense : A defensive formation of back row players where players 'rotate' to cover a deep line shot. This formation closes the hole in the center of the court, but leaves space over the block in middle back for opposing attackers.
  • Seam : When serving, the area between passers on serve receive; when attacking, the area between blockers or back row defenders.
  • Set : The setter, located in the center or right front, hits the ball high above the net so that a spiker can spike it across. The setter always takes the second hit, if possible.
  • Shank : When a player unintentionally passes a ball in a wild manner, rendering it unplayable to their teammates.
  • Shot : An offensive play in which a set ball, rather than being spiked hard, is directed to an open area of the court.
  • Side out : When the team that served the ball loses the rally, causing the other team to serve the next point. In the scoring system prior to 1999, the side out scored zero points.
  • Six-Two : Six player offense where there are two designated setters and the back row setter sets. Called six-two because there are two setters and six other players (two outsides, two middle hitters, and two right-side hitters)
  • Six-back : Defensive system where the player in 'six' (the middle position in the back-court) plays deep in the court covering attacks through the seam in the block, attacks over top of the block, and attacks that go high off the block. With certain blocking schemes, the player in 'six' might also be responsible for deep line roll shots.
  • Six-up : Defensive system where the player in 'six' (the middle position in the back-court) plays up behind the block with the responsibility of defending against a tip attack.
  • Six-zero : Six player offense where there are no designated positions. Instead, the designated setter is just the player in position 3 (or sometimes 2).
  • Spike (a.k.a. Hit) : When an offensive player attacks the ball with a one-arm motion done over the head, attempting to get a kill.
  • Spatch : When a player contacts the ball incorrectly during a hit causing the ball to propel unlike how the hitter intended.
  • Spread Block : A blocking strategy where front row players set up 'spread' across the net, both the right-side and the outside start near the pins.
  • Stack Blocking : A blocking strategy where the front row players start close to each other at the center of the net, leaving space for swing blocking out to the pins.
  • Strong side : The left side of the court, so called because it is usually the easier side for right-handed players to attack from. Also referred to as the 'on-hand' side.
  • 'The Gap' : A spike between area two and area three that the middle hits. It’s always the same distance from the setter no matter where the setter is positioned on the set.
  • The 'W' : A common serve receive formation at lower levels where 5 players prepare to pass with 1 designated setter. So named because from above, the 5 passers are assembled on the five points of a 'W'. Alternatively, possibly a Serve Screening formation by the serving team, also named for resembling a W.
  • Three across : A common passing formation in higher level play where three passers start in a line across the back row to receive a serve
  • Three Step Approach : The sequence of steps a hitter takes to meet a ball. Consisting of three steps. For right-handed hitters the sequence is: right, left, right. For Left-handed hitters: left, right, left.
  • Whiff - When a hitter swings for the ball and slightly grazes it with their middle and ring fingers.
  • Two-Three Coverage : Attack coverage system where two players cover 1–2 meters away from the block, and three players cover 2–4 meters away.
  • Weak Side : The right side of the court, so called because it is generally easier for right-handed players to attack from the left ('strong') side. Also known as the 'off-hand' side.
  • Swing Blocking : The blockers swing their arms in the up in a circular motion to support height as well as ensuring the ball doesn't come directly down on this side of the court.
  • Slide : A middle hitter sliding to the right side to hit off a short back set from the setter to avoid the block.

Types of sets[edit]

There is no absolute standard for naming sets, so there can be several different names for any one type of set.

  • A : A back row set aimed at the left side quarter of the court [A B C D]. Also could be a quick set to the middle.
  • B : A back row set aimed to the left side middle quarter of the court [A B C D].
  • Back-Two: A ball set relatively high and to the middle or to the right side hitter, directly behind the setter.
  • Back-One: A ball set relatively low (or quick) to the middle hitter or to the right side hitter, directly behind the setter.
  • Bick : Similar to the 'Pipe', but set very low (the name comes from Back quick)
  • C : A back row set aimed to the right side middle quarter of the court [A B C D].
  • Chaos: An outside in which the middle runs a one, the outside comes for a two off the middle's shoulder, and the weak side runs around the back to hit an outside 3.
  • D : A back row set aimed at the right side quarter of the court [A B C D].
  • Five : Same as a four set, but to the weak side/opposite hitter. Also, a middle set higher than a two.
  • Four / Back : A high set to the strong side/outside hitter.
  • Go : A set to the outside hitter, higher than a shoot but lower and faster than a hut.
  • Hut / Loop : A lower set to the outsider hitter. Higher than a shoot.
  • Jones : A variation of 'Chaos' where the middle runs a one, the outside comes for a 'back 2,' and the weakside comes around to hit an 'outside 3.' The setter may choose to set the ball to any of the three hitting options. This play is designed so that the setter is able to accommodate the set according to where the block is positioned.
  • One / Quick / Fifty-One : A type of middle hit when the middle jumps before the setter sets, with the ball being set directly to the middle hitter's hand.
  • Pipe : A back row set aimed at the middle of the court between a B and a C-ball [A B ^ C D].
  • Shocker: An attack in which the middle runs a one, the opposite comes for a two off the middle's shoulder, and the outside runs/slides around to hit a back-two.
  • Shoot : A variation on the quick set except instead of setting the ball to the middle the ball is set to the outside hitter.
  • Step / Slide : An attack where the hitter fakes a quick-set (one) approach with their first step and subsequently chases the ball behind the setter and parallel to the net, jumps off one foot, and hits the ball close to the antenna on the weak side.
  • Ten : A ball set for a back row attack.
  • Three / Thirty-Three : A quick lower set to the outside.
  • Thirty-Two: An attack where the hitter fakes a quick-set (one) approach with their first step and subsequently chases the ball in front of the setter and parallel to the net, jumps off one foot, and hits the ball in the outside 3 position. Generally used as adapted version of the Slide for left-handed hitters.
  • Tool : An offensive attack when a hitter hits off the blocker's hands and the ball goes down on the opposing team's side to earn a point.
  • Two : A ball set to the middle hitter at approximately two feet above the top of the net. Also, a 'back two' is the same set set behind the setter.
  • Cross (X) : A play in which the middle hitter jumps for a one, and the weak-side hitter, having moved to the middle of the court, takes an approach for a two at the same location.
  • Thirty-One / Inside Shoot : A play in which the middle hitter runs a one ball about half way in between the middle and outside.
  • Stack / Tandem : Similar to the 'cross' but the outside hitter hits the two ball.
  • Thirty Stack : A play in which the middle hitter runs a thirty-one and the outside hitter runs a thirty-two.
  • Shaft : A deep pipe set, generally set high.
  • Middle-finger Ball : When the libero takes an approach and jumps as if to hit a one ball, making as much noise as possible to distract the other team. This will hopefully cause blockers to jump with the libero, despite there being no threat of attack. Usually used by a team winning by a significant margin.

While there is no absolute standard, the most common set naming system is a two number system where the first number corresponds to a zone on the net, and the second number corresponds to the height of the set at its apex above the top of the net in feet. Zones are named 1 through 9 from left to right along the net with the setter occupying Zone 6; and the most common set heights are 1, 2, 3, 5, and 10 (represented by a 0 in the notation). For example, a 10 set is a high ball to the left side, a 53 is a 3 foot high set to the middle of the court (in front of the setter), and a 61 is a 1 foot high set right behind the setter.

Methods of contacting the ball[edit]

A player 'tips' the ball over.
  • Beach dig : A dig made using both hands and fingers to surround the ball, squeeze and actually slightly lift the ball. Allowed when defending against a hard hit on the beach.
  • Bump : Similar in motion to a pass, but used to set a ball for an attack.
  • Chicken wing : When a defending player is forced to react very quickly to a ball coming at their upper torso, the player may lift a bent arm in the shape of a chicken wing to dig the ball.
  • Chop Shot : A type of attack usually executed on the beach, instead of contacting behind the ball the player turns their hand sideways and chops the side of the ball, creating side spin and a sharp sideways trajectory along the net. Most easily done with the right hand on the right side, and the left hand on the left side.
  • Cobra : With the fingers extended straight and stiff, the ball is poked with the fingertips.
  • Crepe : When a player digs the ball by extending their foot flat on the floor, letting the ball bounce off the top of the foot. Also called a waffle.
  • Dinosaur-Dig : When one attempts to block a ball but it falls down between them and the net, so they bring their arms down in front of them like a T-Rex and play the ball up with the backs of their wrists.
  • Dump: When on second contact the ball is purposely returned over the net instead of set to a hitter, which may result in a kill when the defense is unaware. Usually enacted by the setter.
  • Flipper : A reaching contact made with the outstretched back of the hand in a flipping motion. Popularized by beach player Andy Fishburn.
  • Floater / Float : A non-spinning serve characterized by unpredictable, erratic movement during flight caused by airflow interacting with the seams of the ball. Similar to a knuckleball in baseball.
  • Gator : A defensive digging technique used on the beach in the defense of a hard hit ball. The hands are formed into the shape of 2 gator jaws. The maneuver involves digging the ball with the bottom hand and then directing it with the upper hand.
  • J-Stroke : an emergency play made either running or diving, often with one hand, where a player has to reach well in front of themself to contact the ball and follow through in a 'J' motion in order to send the ball back over their head.
  • Jay-pass : a forearm or overhead pass that places the setter in a position to only be able to set the passer who initiated the pass. Generally passed low to the ground and immediately in front of the passer.
  • Jump float : A float serve with a small hop/jump.
  • Jump serve / Jump top-spin : the server tosses the ball high into the air about 3~5 feet away from themself, flicking the wrist making top spin on the ball then taking a spike approach and contacting the ball while in mid air snapping the wrist to cause great forward spin to allow the ball to suddenly drop when the opponent is going to pass the ball.
  • Kong : A one-handed block, usually because the blocker is late. Initially popularized by Randy Stoklos.
  • Pancake : When a player digs the ball by extending a hand flat on the floor, palm facing down, letting the ball bounce off the back of the hand.
  • Pokey : A ball contacted with the knuckles especially on the beach.
  • Roll Shot : An attacker hits the set softly putting extreme topspin on the ball so that it will clear the block and drop quickly and directly over the block.
  • Sprawl : A type of dig in which the player does not dive forward, but rather places their hands on the ground and pushes their body forward and down. Similar to diving for a ball, but not actually leaving the ground.
  • Sky ball : An underhand serve in which the ball is shot unusually high into the air above the opposing team's court in the attempt to confuse the receiver.
  • Tomahawk: A defensive shot in beach volleyball made by putting the hands together and making contact with the volleyball overhead.[3]
  • Thunder: A spike or attack that requires a lot of force from the arm, and a very high jump. The ball is hit steeply downwards from the point of contact, and is very difficult to receive.
  • Tip : A softer or off-speed finesse attack, usually committed with more of the fingers and fingertips than the whole hand as used in an attack.
  • Wipe / Swipe : When one player pushes the ball against the opponents block and physically wipes the ball out of bounds. Similar to a tool.
  • Steino : A 3 Knuckle pokey shot in beach volleyball made famous by AVP Pro and USA Olympian Stein Metzger. Metzger gives credit to the introduction of the shot on the AVP Pro tour to Eduardo Jorge 'Anjinho' Bacil Filho, better known as Anjinho Bacil. In volleyball a way that you can get a point by using these methods is to place the ball where it is very hard for the other players to get to or to where they are unable to get to the ball.

Slang terms[edit]

A hitter gets 'roofed' by the blockers.
  • Bang / Bounce / Thump: A ball spiked very hard with a steep downward angle.
  • Beer: When an attacked ball goes through a defenders legs. After being 'beered' the defender then owes the attacker a beer.
  • Blash: When a ball is blocked and the ball travels faster from the blocker to the floor than the attacker to the block. Made famous by Cameron Billingham, the term comes from a combination of the words 'block' and 'smash'.
  • Block City: A fictional place that players claim to go when they are blocking very well. Also known as 'Turkey Town'. (See 'Stuff Turkey').
  • Butter / Nectar / Sauce / Smoothie / Cheddar Biscuits : A perfect set.
  • Chowder/Cum : A badly mangled set.
  • Crab Defense: When a player is serving, the opposing three passers shuffle side to side and pinch their hands like crabs to distract the server.
  • Deep Dish/Chicago style pizza/Evan set : An illegal set that is held excessively long, typically set from below the shoulders and seen in beach volleyball.
  • Dime/ Rock' : A perfect pass.
  • Dirt Dessert: When a player gets a kill so sweet, it's almost comparable to the utter sweetness of a classic Dirt Dessert.
  • Double-double : When a player accumulates double-digit amounts in two of five statistical categories—aces, kills, blocks, digs, and assists—during one match.
  • Easy : What a defending player should yell at the top of their lungs when successfully digging a very hard hit attack or perfectly passing a hard serve, as if to say that the attacking/serving player is easy.
  • Facial / Six-Pack / Tattoo / Dome : When a defending player gets hit in the face with the ball either from an attack by the opposing team or by a deflection off the block. The term 'six-pack' refers to the dizzying sensation of being hit directly in the head or face by a volleyball as being analogous to the dizzying sensation of having drunk a six pack of beer. The abdominal muscles are sometimes referred to as a 'six-pack,' so getting hit in the stomach by the ball is getting 'six-packed.' The term 'tattoo' refers to marks left on the skin of the hit player by the seams/lettering on the ball.
  • Fishing: Making illegal contact with the net.
  • Hands : Hand setting. Someone with 'nice hands' sets well.
  • Heat : Speed. Used to describe a hard-hit ball.
  • Hops / Bunnies / Springs : A term used to label a player who has an immense vertical leap.
  • House / Stuff / Roof : When the defensive player blocks a ball so hard that it is immediately returned to the hitter and goes straight to the floor.
  • Hubby-wife / Campfire : In beach volleyball, when a serve drops between two players because the players don't decide in time who will pass it.
  • Jet Nai Heed : The act of intentionally blocking a spike from the opposing team.
  • Jungleball / Barbecue ball / Picnic ball : A volleyball game played by inexperienced players with little ball control.
  • Killing Ants : when a player digging a hit passes the ball directly into the ground
  • Killshot : on a serve or a swing when the ball hits the passers neck or chest region, in between digging and getting facialed
  • Lombardo: A beach volley player who demonstrates a gross lack of skill, knowledge, or style. 'That lombardo has been throwing party balls all day!'
  • Nail : A perfect pass.
  • No-lookie Cookie: When a hitter appears going cross then drills it down line without turning their head to look.
  • O.T. : When an attacker hits the ball over top of the blocker and it lands in front of the defense.
  • Overkill : When an overpass (or a free ball) occurs and the opposing team attacks the ball for a kill.
  • Paintbrush / Whiff: A mishit — when a player attempts to hit (or spike) the ball with the open hand and nearly misses the ball, only contacting the ball with their fingers, resulting in a backspin on the ball.
  • Pancake : A fully extended dig by a defender where the ball hits the top of the players hand instead of hitting the floor.
  • Pancake Lake : An imaginary place a player (normally libero) goes when they repeatedly pancake a tipped ball or ball headed for the ground.
  • Party Ball : Opportunity for a front row player to return an overpassed ball with a hit.
  • Party Foul : A failed attempt at a Party Ball
  • Phone Booth : When a blocker's hands seal off every possible attack angle on a set ball. Often referred to as, 'It's like trying to hit out of a phone booth.'
  • Pineapple : An attack on the second contact by the setter of a team, usually with the right hand designed to land in the deep corner of the court. Often done without looking at the target for deception. Made famous by USA setter Lloy Ball when playing in college.
  • Popcorn setting / Sprinkler : When an unskilled setter is sending sets in a random pattern (like popcorn being popped, or like a water sprinkler on the grass).
  • Quadruple-double : When a player amasses a double-digit total in four of five statistical categories—aces, kills, blocks, digs, and assists—during a match.
  • Quintuple-double : When a player accomplishes ten or more aces, kills, blocks, digs, and assists during a match.
  • Rainbow : A shot especially on the beach that is hit over the head of the defender to the far corner and lands cleanly. Also known as a Jumbo Shrimp (due to the arc/shape of the shot).
  • Ref : A variation of 'Refs', but one that is socially accepted by the players.
  • Refs : Collective noun for those officiating at a volleyball event - including referees and lines people. Often mocked for wearing predominantly white shoes on a beach volleyball event.
  • Rufio : A cheer done in volleyball, famous from the movie Hook, where a player blocks the opposing player straight down on the opposing players' side. Players scream, 'Rufio, Rufio, Ru-fi-OOOOOO!!!'
  • A Scotford : To celebrate heartily after officiating at an event, sometimes by wearing the headwear of many nations.
  • Scrappy : Referring to a team that doesn't let a single ball hit the ground without much effort. (used positively)
  • Shag : Picking up and collecting scattered volleyballs.
  • Skunk/Skunk rule : A win that occurs when a team scores 7 points while the opposition has not scored. Similar to the mercy rule.
  • Spalding: when the hitters hit the ball and it hits the opposing defensive team in the face or on their body. Spalding refers to the letters of the ball staying on the players face because it hit them so hard.
  • Spatch/Waffle: When a player attacking the ball contacts it with essentially no spin, causing a lateral movement pattern similar to that of a float serve, typically resulting in the ball flying out of bounds
  • Spiketown/Bouncetown/Poundtown: A fictional place that a hitter claims to go to when they get an impressive kill that bounces very high and no one can return (often near the 3 meter line).
  • Stuff Turkey: A stuff block in which the ball hits the opponents' floor before the blocker does; When such an event occurs, a player is said to have had their turkey stuffed.
  • Sui-set: A ball set too close to the net directly in to the hands of a waiting blocker; the attacker will get blocked most of the time.
  • The Shed : A fictional place blockers who frequently lose points due to tool-style attacks are claimed to be taken to by hitters.
  • Tool / Use : An attack which is deflected off an opponent (usually during a block) and is unplayable resulting in a point for the attacking team (also called a bounce off).
  • Tool Time: A phrase used to celebrate the occurrence of a tool-style attack or when a player manages to successfully tool the opponent multiple times in rapid succession.
  • Tough Bacon : Any ball that is played in a way that makes it difficult for the next player to successfully play the ball. For instance, after a bad set the intended hitter might remark 'that was tough bacon'. Similarly, a setter might remark as such after a bad pass, or a passer might remark as such after a difficult serve.
  • Trap : A ball set too close to the net where the hitter typically gets stuffed.
  • Triple-double : When a player, during a single match, scores at least ten times in three of five statistical categories: Aces, kills, blocks, digs, and assists.
  • Vegas Line: A kill resulting from a powerful hard-line spike that penetrates or beats the opponents' line block. Named after Sean Rosenthal, a member of the AVP who delivered such a memorable kill in Las Vegas in 2005.
  • Waffle: See spatch/waffle above. Also used to describe a pancake (see above) but done with a foot instead of a hand.
  • Waterfall Ball: When a player’s hit goes inside the block of the opposing team and falls down on their side much like a waterfall.
  • Yummy: When a player gets a kill out of an overpass from the opposing team.


  • Hitting percentage: Is defined as the number of kills minus the number of errors, divided by the total attacks.[4]
  • Kill percentage: Is defined as the number of kills divided by the total attacks.[4]
  • Point scoring percentage (PS%): The number of times the serving players team scores while that player is serving divided by the number of total serves
  • Rotation points: Is defined as the total points a team scored on a specific player's serve.[4]


  1. ^Oden, Beverly Oden Beverly Oden is a former member of the USA Volleyball team who competed in the 1996 Atlanta Olympics our editorial process Beverly. 'How to Make an Effective Dig in Volleyball'. LiveAbout. Retrieved 2021-02-28.
  2. ^'Let Serve in Volleyball'. ThoughtCo. Retrieved 2018-09-14.
  3. ^'Rio 2016 Olympics: Beach volleyball guide'. The Telegraph. April 1, 2016.
  4. ^ abc'Girls Volleyball Stat Definitions'. Ohio High School Volleyball Coaches Association. Retrieved 5 February 2019.

External links[edit]

  • 'FIVB Rules of the game'(PDF).
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