Cai Yuan Guang Jin

Posted : admin On 01.03.2021

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Cai Yuan Guang Jin

In 1000, 1100, 1200, and 1300, China was the most advanced place in the world. Marco Polo (1254-1324) recognized this when he got to China in the late 13th century after traveling through much of Asia. In what is now Europe, this was the period now referred to as the “high” Middle Ages, which fostered the Crusades and witnessed the rise of Venice, the mercantile center that was Marco Polo’s home.

A magnificent picture scroll painted by a Chinese artist in the 12th century provides us with a look at society and urban life in China during this time.

For several centuries the Chinese economy had grown spectacularly: “Between .. 960 and .. 1127, China passed through a phase of economic growth that was unprecedented in earlier Chinese history, perhaps in world history up to this time. It depended on a combination of commercialization, urbanization, and industrialization that has led some authorities to compare this period in Chinese history with the development of early modern Europe six centuries later.” (1)

  • During the Song (Sung) Dynasty (960-1276), technology was highly advanced in fields as diverse as agriculture, iron-working, and printing. Indeed, scholars today talk of a Song economic revolution.
  • The population grew rapidly during this time, and more and more people lived in cities.
  • The Song system of government was also advanced for its time. The upper-levels of the government were staffed by highly educated scholar-officials selected through competitive written examinations.

Why else is the Song Dynasty so significant?

Many ways of living and acting that Westerners now see as most thoroughly “Chinese,” or even characteristically East Asian, did not appear before the Song.

  • The Chinese, we know, are rice eaters and tea drinkers; but most Chinese in the Tang and before ate wheat and millet and drank wine, in that respect looking perhaps more “Western” than “Eastern”; rice and tea became dominant food and drink in the Song.
  • China’s population is large, and tends to “explode” in certain periods; its first explosion occurred in the Song.
  • The Chinese, we know, are “Confucians”; but the kind of Confucianism that served as government orthodoxy throughout late-imperial times was a Song reinvention.
  • Chinese women, we may know, bound their feet; but they did not bind them until the Song.
  • Even the “Chinese” roof with its turned-up corners is by origin a Song Chinese roof. (2)

Cai Yuan Guang Jin

Yet, despite its political and economic strengths, Song China was not able to dominate its neighbors militarily. Central to its engagement with the outside world were efforts to maintain peace with its powerful northern neighbors and extend its trading networks.


(1)See Philip D. Curtin in Cross-Cultural Trade in World History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008), 109; as quoted in David Northrup, “Globalization and the Great Convergence: Rethinking World History in the Long Term,” Journal of World History 16, no. 3 (2005): 258.

Cai Yuan Guang Jin In Chinese

(2) See Robert Hymes, “Song China, 960-1279,” in Asia in Western and World History, edited by Ainslie T. Embree and Carol Gluck (Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe, 1997), 337.

Entities with the same location

Cai Yuan Guang Jin Meaning

Entity NameOffice AddressStart DateStatus
ACTIVE LIFE TRADING 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-02, Yuhua Place, Singapore 6003542016-04-27Live
GUANG JIN CAI BAO 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-03, Yuhua Place, Singapore 6003542016-02-19Cancelled (Non-Renewal)
ONLY CUT 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-04, Yuhua Place, Singapore 6003542015-06-27Live
HO SOON 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-04, Singapore 6003542015-01-01Cancelled
KIM LENG YONG FONG FOOT REFLEXOLOGY CENTRE 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-03, Singapore 6003542008-09-13Cancelled (Non-Renewal)
H001 TRADING & MARKETING 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-06, Singapore 6003542008-09-13Ceased Registration
INTEGRATED DATACOM TECHNOLOGY 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-05, Yuhua Place, Singapore 6003542008-09-13Live
COLORSIS GRAPHICS 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-02, Singapore 6003542008-09-12Cancelled
FORMULA PERFORMANCE MOTOR 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-03, Singapore 6003542008-09-12Cancelled
CYBERDISCOVERY 354 Jurong East Avenue 1, #01-02, Singapore 6003542008-09-12Cancelled